Before you make the decision to become a breeder, there are many factors to consider to be a successful breeder.
Breeding Sugar Gliders is a huge commitment and should not be taken lightly. It is time consuming, and you need to be very involved to ensure the joeys, moms, and dads are healthy and happy. It is not an easy matter of placing a male and female together and waiting for the joeys to come.
Responsible sugar glider ownership means…
- Providing a proper and spacious habitat for a family of gliders.
- Providing a sugar glider specific diet that is healthy, nutritious and has plenty of protein.
- Making sure to provide a stress-free environment. Gliders will often reject their babies if they feel it is a stressful environment.
- Neutering all males without lineage (the parents, grandparents, etc. are unknown) males who will be housed with females. If you don’t, you will be bringing joeys with unknown origins into your home! Despite what some people claim, you CANNOT spay females. No reputable veterinarian would attempt this as it would surely kill the small female sugar glider.
- You MUST have a veterinarian who specializes in sugar gliders.
- It’s important to not breed rescue gliders or gliders without lineage because you risk genetic deformities which can take many shapes (joey rejection and cannibalization, missing eyes, limbs, poor immune system, etc.)
- Finding proper homes for all joeys and educating buyers on sugar glider care, diet and enrichment.
- Checking your breeders often to ensure all are well (no injuries, babies are being taken care of, everyone has eaten).
Below is a list of facts that all breeders should know:
- Sugar gliders can be very prolific and can get pregnant as soon as their joeys are OOP (out of pouch).
- Females have a pouch and 2 uterus & Males have a bifurcated penis (two pronged).
- When a female comes into heat (every 28 days) they will mate.
- After mating gestation is 16 days. After those 16 days she will give birth and she will make a “lickey trail” out of saliva up to her pouch so the tiny joey (size of a grain of rice) will crawl up the trail and settle in her pouch.
- Females usually give birth to 1 or 2 joeys at once, but it has rarely occurred that there have been 3 and even 4.
- Joeys will attach to a nipple in the pouch and the nipple will swell until the joey is securely latched on.
- Joeys will incubate in their Mother’s pouches for about 9 weeks. They are considered out of pouch (OOP) when they fully detach from Mom’s teat. At around 10 days their eyes will open
- Mom will make a chattering sound to pump milk when feeding her joeys. She will make a hissing nose to shake them off so that she can go out of the pouch to exercise and eat.
- Dad will keep the joeys warm while Mom goes out of the pouch. Dad is a very important part of raising the joeys so never, ever separate a breeding couple with young joeys unless it is medically necessary per your veterinarian.
- At 3-4 weeks old they will start sampling adult food & exploring out of their sleeping pouch. Usually late at night when you won’t notice them.
- Joeys are ready to go to their new homes between 8-12 weeks of age.
- You need to understand that breeding Sugar Gliders will not make you a lot of money. Only raise gliders you want to care for on your own.
If you decide that you would like to breed your sugar gliders, we will be happy to assist you with any questions that you might have. As a reminder, if you choose to breed your sugar gliders, they will not stop reproducing until you have the male neutered. Unneutered male sugar gliders have a very strong odor. If you should decide you want to breed, we carry a great product containing a safe enzyme that can be sprayed on their food to neutralize the male scent.
We hope that this sheds some light on Sugar Glider Breeding! Please let us know if you have any additional questions!